Best Cervical Cancer Treatment in Gurgaon
Cervical Cancer
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For Best Cervical Cancer Treatment in Gurgaon consult Dr. Smita VatsBest Gynaecologist in South City-II , Gurgaon.

 

Cancer of the cervix or cervical cancer is the second leading cause of female cancer deaths in India . However, it is preventable & there is actually a vaccine available for its prevention. Being aware about it is half the battle won !

 

Causes of Cervical Cancer & risk factors

 

  • Human Papilloma Virus ( a sexually transmitted infection )
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Early onset of sexual activity
  • Multiple childbirths
  • Smoking
  • HIV infection

 

What are the Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

 

Precancerous stages may not give symptoms but are picked up by routine  screening tests of Pap’s smear & HPV- DNA testing. Advanced stages may present with abnormal vaginal bleeding, foul smelling discharge vaginally, Bleeding after intercourse or after menopause.

 

Screening & Diagnosis

 

Screening for cervical cancer is done by Pap’s smear & HPV- DNA testing.  Pap’s smear is one of the greatest success stories of preventive medicine. It is an OPD procedure  done by inserting a speculum into the vagina & removing cells from cervix with the help of a brush or a spatula. The cells are then collected in a liquid medium or spread on a glass slide & sent for microscopic examination.

Diagnosis is confirmed by visual examination of cervix, colposcopy  & cervix biopsy.

 

Treatment

 

This depends entirely on the stage of the disease. In early stages, local removal of the cervix may be done but in later stages, Uterus with cervix, tubes & ovaries are removed. Radiation & / or Chemotherapy may be used alone or alongwith surgery in advanced stages.

 

Prevention & Vaccination

 

Prevention is primarily by avoiding the risk factors. Use of barrier contraceptives ( male/Female condoms ) prevents transmission of HPV , which is a major causes of cervical cancer. More than 76 % cases are caused by HPV infection. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection & hence having multiple sexual partners increases the risk.

Routine screening with Pap’s smear must be done every 3 years in all sexually active women. Alternatively, Pap’s smear alongwith HPV – DNA testing may be done every 5 yrs. Even women with a single steady partner are strongly recommended to undertake routine screening with Pap’s smear.

Vaccination is against various strains of HPV & provides reliable  protection against cervical cancer. There are 2 types of vaccines available, both given in 3 doses over a period of 6 months.  Women who have been vaccinated should still undergo routine screening with Pap’s smear.

 

 

For Best Cervical Cancer Treatment in Gurgaon consult Dr. Smita VatsBest Gynaecologist in South City-II , Gurgaon.

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